Tuesday, March 24, 2020

The Hyphen - It IS Important

Basic hyphen rules review:

Use a hyphen:
  1. When the creator of the word used one (which is why we have a hyphen between Spider-Man and not Superman)
  2. For two words are working together as a single adjective (chocolate-covered raisins)
  3. Between the tens and ones of numbers (twenty-one)
  4. To avoid confusion (re-elect)
  5. With the prefixes ex-, all-, self- (ex-wife, all-inclusive, self-driving)
  6. With any prefix attached to a capitalized word (pre-World War II)
  7. Before the suffix -elect (president-elect)
Do NOT use a hyphen when:
  1. Two words are working together as a single adjective AFTER the noun (Those raisins are chocolate covered)
  2. Between other place values (two hundred sixty-five)

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Check Out the Store!

Extreme English Teacher now has a Teacher Pay Teachers store.

The focus of the store is to provide resources for teachers of low-level, low motivated English students.  They are all activities and lessons that I have used in the past with success.

I am working on a larger Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time unit pack and will post it shortly, but you can get the freebie guide to Acing Reading Comprehension State Tests right now.  If you like it, give it a rating, please!

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Word of the Day - Villain

It's Dr. Evil, I didn't spend six years in Evil Medical School to be called "mister," thank you very much. 

So our word of the day is VILLAIN, but what's the fun in that?  We already know this to mean bad guy or antagonist.  An evil character designed to push the plot.

Image result for evil villains

But that definition wasn't used for the word until 1822.  Before that, it was used to mean a peasant.  Here is what the Online Etymology Dictionary has to say about it:

c. 1300 (late 12c. as a surname), "base or low-born rustic," from Anglo-French and Old French vilain "peasant, farmer, commoner, churl, yokel" (12c.), from Medieval Latin villanus "farmhand," from Latin villa "country house, farm" (from PIE root *weik- (1) "clan").
 The most important phases of the sense development of this word may be summed up as follows: 'inhabitant of a farm; peasant; churl, boor; clown; miser; knave, scoundrel.' Today both Fr. vilain and Eng. villain are used only in a pejorative sense. [Klein]
The root word is where we get the word "villa" from, meaning a large and fancy country home.  We know "village" to be a small country town (villa meaning country) and "villager" meaning one who lives in a village.  A "villager" at one time meant an uncouth country hick, instead of one living in a village.

So when you are giving that Middles Ages introduction and you hit the feudal system, consider letting them know that serfs and peasants were the original villains of the world.

Related image